'Kibon Dongjak' or Basic Movements
‘Kibon Dongjak’ or Basic Movements
Fundamental of Taekwondo, constituting the bases of the whole series of taekwondo techniques. It is an intention action to move the body as well as the hand and feet for offense and defense activities. In order to be proficient in taekwondo, it is important to master the basic movements first.
'Poomsae' or Pattern
Formal exercises (commonly known in Singapore as patterns) are sets of systematic series of movements, which incorporate idea attacking, and defensive techniques against imaginary opponents. They can consider as a form of choreography, which captures the essence of Taekwondo.
'Kyorugi' or Sparring
Two opponent exchanging techniques with active movements and poses, that include a mirage of foot skills. It enables practitioner to build and maintain a strong body through vigorous muscle exercise and also develop confidence, courage, self-reliance, quick thinking and respect for one’s fellow men. The outstanding feature of the sparring is the provision of a practical experience for practitioners to stand alone and face a series of difficult problems that call a split second decisions.
In Competition sparring, it is governed by a set of rules and regulations designed by the World Taekwondo Federation. The aim is to eliminate injurious techniques and also safety aspect is further enforced by the mandatory use of head gear, body protector, hand grove, groin guard, mouth guard, skin guard and forearm guard.
'Kyukpa' or Breaking
Spectacular feats like the breaking of a stack of thirty roofing tiles with the fore fist, the splitting of four pieces of thick board with an aerial kick or the smashing of a piece of tiles placed eight to ten feet above the ground with the foots. Such fantastic and flamboyant displays are necessary to show the dynamic power, the flexibility and prolific nature of Taekwondo. The practice of breaking helps to built confidence, courage, discipline and patience.
'Hoshinsul' or Self-Defence
Special techniques which involves the application of all taekwondo techniques for real combats situation. It is a skill to control the enemy by using defensive and offensive techniques to protect oneself. The practice of self defence develops confidence, patience and instinct.
Taekwondo Aerobics/Gymnastics/Dance (태권체조)
A combinations of Taekwondo basics, aerobics, dance movement and music. It is a fun way for staying fit. It also provides a mode for developing of character and mental strength. Taekwon Aerobics’ beautiful choreographed rhythmic movements drawn many spectators and is well commented.